What is Amphetamine?
Amphetamine is a stimulant of the central nervous system affecting chemicals in the brain and nerves that control impulse control and hyperactivity. It is typically called “speed” or “uppers.”
Amphetamine is commonly prescribed as a treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and narcolepsy. Some of the more common brand names are Adderall, Dexedrine and Desoxyn.
Amphetamine has gained popularity among workers, students and some professionals working varied shifts or needing to stay up all night. Amphetamines can be used in a variety of ways, including being ingested, crushed, snorted, injected, dissolved in water or smoked.
Signs and Symptoms
Signs of Amphetamine Addiction:
- Anxiety, aggression and paranoia
- Rapid rate of speech
- Dilation of pupils
- Drug-seeking behavior
- Changes in social life, behavior
- Rapid increase in blood pressure
- High body Temperature
- Weight loss and Digestive upset
Signs and Symptoms of Amphetamine Withdrawal
- Symptoms of withdrawal from amphetamine and its associated stimulants can emerge as soon as a few hours, or even days, after the last ingestion.
- The symptoms can include:
- Extreme Fatigue
- Drug cravings, anxiety
- Memory loss
- Loss of interest in daily life
- Suicidal thoughts
Signs and Symptoms of Amphetamine Overdose:
- Amphetamine overdoses may even occur in first-time users of the drug, depending on dosage.
- A person experiencing overdose symptoms typically:
- Become more aggressive
- Have extremely high blood pressure
- Can have rapid pulse and heartbeat, seizures
- Have difficulty breathing
- Can have difficulty processing cognitively
Names of Different Amphetamines
Street names include:
- Black Mollies
- An estimated 13 million Americans use amphetamines without medical supervision
- Full-time college students are twice as likely to use Adderall non-medically
- The United Nations estimates that up to 52.9 million people globally had consumed an amphetamine-group drug at least once in their lifetime.
- Almost 11 million Americans have tried methamphetamine at least once
- In 2011, there were an estimated 160,000 amphetamine and methamphetamine-related emergency room visits in the U.S.
- Use of amphetamines is on the rise among college students, with an estimated 7 percent of college-age students nationally using the drug illegally.